La Tortura No es Cultura

140 Científicos y Académicos dirigen una carta al Congreso pidiendo que se mantenga a los menores alejados de la tauromaquia.

 

#LoveSpainHateBullfights

 

OPEN LETTER of Dr. Kenneth shapiro and other 140 scientists and academics from 18 countries to spanish congress

 

This letter raises professional concerns about the link between animal abuse and violence, and especially the desensitising impact viewing bullfights can have on children

 

 

Madrid, September 11th, 2013.

 

Distinguished Members of the Congreso de los Diputados,

 

It has come to our attention that the Congress is considering a citizens’ initiative (ILP) that would provide protection to bullfighting by awarding it the status of intangible cultural heritage. Furthermore, articles within the legislation specifically aim to promote bullfighting to children with proposals to open more matador schools across Spain.

 

We respectfully write to you with the hope that you take our comments into consideration when deliberating on this important decision. As research scientists, psychologists, sociologists, criminologists and human-service professionals, we are concerned about the contribution that animal abuse makes to the problems of violence toward humans.

 

A significant body of research demonstrates that animal abuse is closely associated with wife battering, child maltreatment, and other forms of interpersonal violence, all of which society has a substantial interest in preventing. Prudence and precaution would call for legislative action that takes this connection into account.

 

Animal abusers are more likely to be violent towards people and to engage in everyday common crimes. One extensive study (Arluke, et. al., Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1999) showed that animal abusers are five times more likely to commit violent crimes such as assault, rape, and murder; four times as likely to commit property crimes; and three times as likely to commit drug-related crimes. Research also shows a particularly strong connection between animal abuse and domestic violence. Those that perpetrate violence towards animals are more likely to abuse spouses or children.

 

Clearly, violence is violence, irrespective of the victim, and people who resort to violence in dealing with animals are also more likely to do so in their relationships with humans. Whether against an animal or human, these perpetrators use the force and power of violence to dominate and control others.

 

Perhaps less well known is that, in addition to the relationship between the perpetration of animal abuse and interpersonal violence, direct exposure to animal abuse can also lead to future violent behavior towards humans. Recent research shows and it is important to understand that simply witnessing animal abuse perpetuates the cycle of violence – through desensitization and modeling. Particularly younger people who repeatedly witness animal abuse could “learn” to use violence in their personal relationships. In addition, we now know that children who abuse animals are more likely to suffer from symptoms of post-traumatic syndrome disorder – e.g., preoccupation with the events witnessed, often in the form of recurring nightmares and daydreams.

 

 

 

Clearly, any strategy to reduce violence should look at improving human/animal relationships as a preventative measure. Not surprisingly, law enforcement and agencies in several countries have adopted policies based on this insight. For example, in several countries child protection services, women shelters and local police departments have begun to interface with veterinarians and others entities involved with animal care, and animal abuse reports are being used as indicators of homes where child abuse or wife beating may be taking place.

 

Given the robust body of evidence linking animal abuse to violence towards humans, many governments have moved to strengthen animal protection legislation and to work to achieve consistency within their legislation and public messaging. Thus, the vast majority of European member states no longer condone cruel practices towards animals as a cultural activity. Indeed, what messages are we sending to children by saying it is fine to gratuitously incite violence towards a defenceless animal for our own pleasure? We have an important responsibility and large part to play in influencing any child’s psychological construction, which includes the setting of values, respect and moral judgement. To condone such an activity under the guise of a cultural practice, when many countries in the world have chosen to ban cruel practices such as bullfighting, can only serve to confuse children.

 

Culture is transient and evolves over time. In most European countries what was accepted as a cultural practice just 100 years ago is very different from what is accepted today. This is echoed through growing public pressure to improve on human and animal welfare conditions globally. The European Union recognises animals as ‘sentient’ beings, and each year improvements are made to existing animal welfare protocols and legislation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turning directly to bullfighting, it is clear that it shares the major features of those forms of animal abuse found to be associated with violence to humans.

 

Force, power, dominance, and control are all components of the bullfight. Severity of the harm done to animals is also an important variable in the association. The slow and ritualized injury of bulls, culminating in their death, is comparable to instances of severe or egregious abuse.

 

Training children and juveniles to repeatedly injure and eventually kill an animal, as is done in matador schools, clearly provides them with the powerful and deleterious experiences of being perpetrator or witness. They either become habituated to violence as a part of living or they suffer the anxiety and depression of those exposed to traumatic events. In fact, such repeated forms of ‘actual’ violence, contravene with Article 19 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) of the United Nations, which states that “Sates Parties shall take all legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence.”.

 

We are also particularly concerned with the impact on people who witness bullfighting. Juveniles who witness the repeated stabbing and the eventual death of bulls before an enthusiastic audience are impressionable and more apt to learn that it is acceptable to violently assert power and dominance over vulnerable living creatures, whether these are animals or vulnerable people.

 

Although not all people involved in animal abuse are violent towards humans, and many people who perpetrate or witness animal abuse do not become violent towards people, the connection between animal abuse and interpersonal violence cannot be ignored. Animal abuse is a serious societal concern with important significance for human welfare. It is increasingly clear that a world in which animal abuse goes unchecked is also a less safe world for human beings. Responsible legislators would be wise to consider the mounting evidence of an association between these two forms of violence and abuse.

 

In conclusion, in light of the established connection between violence towards animals and violence towards humans, we join as scientists, scholars, and human service professionals from around the world to respectfully urge you not to support any measures that promotes bullfights, especially those related to its promotion towards children and juveniles.

 

Respectfully,

 

 

Dr. Kenneth Sharpio

 

 

Endorsed further by:

 

Abel A. Alves, PhD

Ball State University

United States

 

Alan Bowd, PhD

Lakehead University

Canada

 

Alejandro E. Camacho PhD

University of California, Irvine

Unites States

 

Alma Massaro, PhD Candidate

University of Genoa

Italy

 

Amy Tournoux, MSW Candidate

University of Michigan

United States

 

Andrzej Elzanowski, PhD

Polish Academy of Sciences

Poland

 

Annamaria Rivera, PhD

University of Bari

Italy

 

Anne Innis Dagg, PhD

University of Waterloo

Canada

 

Antonia J. Z. Henderson PhD

Langara College

Canada

 

Arnold Arluke, PhD

Northeastern University

United States

 

Barbara Beierl, PhD

Rivier University

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bernard E. Rollin, PhD

Colorado State University

United States

 

Bianca Falbo, PhD

Lafayette College

United States

 

Carol Thompson, PhD

Texas Christian University

United States

 

Carrie Rohman, PhD

Lafayette College

United States

 

Catherine Perry, PhD

University of Notre Dame

United States

 

Cathy Comstock, PhD

University of Colorado

United States

 

David A. H. Wilson, PhD

Honorary Research Fellow, University of Leicester

Editorial Advisory Board, Anthrozoös

United Kingdom

 

Denise Pakeman, MA candidate

Museum School of Leicester University

United Kingdom

 

Diane P. Michelfelder, PhD

Macalester College

United States

 

Donald M. Broom, PhD

University of Cambridge

United Kingdom

 

Anne McBride, PhD

University of Southampton

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Jacobs, PhD

James Cook University

Singapore

 

Hilda Kean, FRHistS, PhD

Ruskin College, Oxford

United Kingdom

 

Kay Peggs, PhD

University of Portsmouth

United Kingdom

 

Lynn Turner, PhD

Goldsmiths

United Kingdom

 

Sandra A. Corr BVMS, CertSAS, DipECVS, FHEA, PhD, MRCVS

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham

United Kingdom

 

Simon P. James, PhD

Durham University

United Kingdom

 

Camilla Pagani, Ph.D.

Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies of the National Research Council

Italy

 

Christina Risley-Curtiss, MSSW, Ph.D.

University of Denver

United States

 

Gala Argent, PhD

Eastern Kentucky University

United States

 

H. Charles Romesburg, PhD

Utah State University

United States

 

Lauri L. Hyers, PhD

West Chester University

United States

 

Martha Few, PhD

University of Arizona

United States

 

R. Matilde Mésavage, PhD

Rollins College

United States

 

Elisabeth Wallmann, Ph.D. candidate

University of Warwick

United Kingdom

 

Elise Clerkin, PhD

Miami University

United States

 

Elizabeth Hirsh, PhD

University of South Florida

United States

 

Ellen Berscheid, PhD

University of Minnesota, Fellow: American Academy of Arts & Sciences

United States

 

Francine Dolins, PhD

Centre College

United States

 

Gillian Hewitson, PhD

University of Sydney

Australia

 

Hanneke J. Nijland, PhD candidate

Communication strategies group, Wageningen University

Netherlands

 

Hilda Tresz, PhD

Phoenix Zoo

Mentor, The Jane Goodall Institute

United States

 

Jeff Rushen, PhD

University of British Columbia

Canada

 

Jennifer Manera Eadie, PhD candidate

Australian National University

Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jerald Silverman, D.V.M., PhD

University of Massachusetts Medical School

United States

 

Jessica Greenebaum, PhD

Central Connecticut State University

United States

 

Jill Jepson PhD

St. Catherine University

United States

 

Jonathan Balcombe, PhD

Humane Society University

United States

 

Judge Steve Russell, JD

Indiana University

United States

 

Judy de Groot, PhD

United States

 

Julie Levy, DVM, PhD, DACVIM

University of Florida

United States

 

Karen Schaefer, PhD

New Mexico State University

United States

 

Kathie Jenni, PhD

University of Redlands

United States

 

Kathleen C. Gerbasi, PhD

Niagara County Community College

United States

 

Kathy Hessler, J.D., LL.M.

Lewis & Clark Law School

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leah Burns, PhD

Australian Animal Studies Group

Australia

 

Linda Kalof, PhD

Michigan State University

United States

 

Linda Riebel, PhD

Adjunct Faculty, Saybrook University

Board Member, SaveNature.Org 

Unites States

 

Lisel O'Dwyer, PhD

The University of Adelaide

Australia

 

Livia Apostol, PhD candidate

University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca

Romania

 

Magdalena Pieszka, PhD

Agricultural University

Poland

 

Mariko Yamamoto, PhD

University of California, Davis

Unites States

 

Mary Trachsel, PhD

Composition and Rhetoric, University of Iowa

United States

 

Michal Piotr Pregowski, PhD

Warsaw University of Technology

Poland

 

Mike Michael, PhD

The University of Sydney

Australia

 

Morgan Showler, PhD candidate

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nuria Querol, MD, MSc, BSc

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Spain

 

Paola Sobbrio, PhD

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Italy

 

Annamaria Passantino, DVM, Ph.D.

Polo Universitario Annunziata

Italy

 

Christoph Winckler, Ph.D.

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)

Austria

 

Christine Nicol

University of Bristol

United Kingdom

 

Rainer E. Wiedenmann, PhD

Gutenberg-University of Mainz & University of Eichstaett

Germany

 

Robert W. Mitchell, PhD

Eastern Kentucky University

United States

 

Ruth Beatson, PhD

La Trobe University

Australia

 

Sara Kondrup

Copenhagen University

Denmark

 

Scott Hurley, PhD

Luther College

United States

 

Stephanie Madon, PhD

Iowa State University

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

Susan E. Lederer, PhD

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

United States

 

Ted H. Friend, Ph.D., PAS, Dpl. ACAABS

Dept. of Animal Science

Texas A&M University

United States

 

Valentina Ferrante MDV PhD in Animal Science

Università degli Studi di Milano

Italy

 

Vanessa Rohlf, PhD

School of Psychology and Psychiatry

Australia

 

Victoria L Voith, DVM, PhD, DACVB

Western University of Health Sciences

United States

 

Wael Khamas, BVM&S, MS, PhD

Western University of Health Sciences

United States

 

Wendy Lochner, Publisher

Columbia University Press

United States

 

Xavier Manteca, BVSc, MSc, PhD

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Spain

 

Yvette Watt, PhD

Tasmanian College of the Arts , University of Tasmania

Australia

 

Scott D. Churchill, PhD 

University of Dallas

United States

 

Melanie Rock, MSW, PhD (Anthropology), RSW

University of Calgary

Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexandra Horowitz, Ph.D.

Barnard College

United States

 

Charlett Hobart

Wildlife Research Institute;

Animals Asia

 

Donald Garlit, JD, MBA

Member, Animal Law Section of the State Bar of Michigan

United States

 

Margaretha Backers, RN

 

Melissa Li, MD

Providence St Vincent Medical Center

United States

 

Carolyn Merino Mullin

National Museum of Animals & Society

United States

 

Claire Sterling

ASPCA

United States

 

Donald Cleary

Animal Farm Foundation

United States

 

John Thompson 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc.

United States

 

Kate Turner-Mann

World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)

 

Marie Saint-Arnoult

Shining Hope Foundation

United Kingdom

 

Massimo Terrile

Movimento Antispecista

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mia MacDonald

Brighter Green

United States

 

Petra Pepellashi

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Valerie Grange

Yogi's Ark Animal Sanctuary

United States

 

Bee Friedlander, JD

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Lisa Lunghofer, PhD

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Jill Howard Church

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Ann Casper, MA

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Joel Kanoff

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Jerry Simonelli, JD

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Patti Breitman

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

Eric Greene

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murry J. Cohen, MD

United States

 

Amanda Cox, MAPS

Australian Psychological Society

Australia

 

Maggie Rose, PhD

Australia

 

Marion Rollings, PhD

United States

 

Elayne Chou, PhD

United States

 

Ilene Serlin, PhD

Past President, San Francisco Psychological Association

United States

 

Lacey Levitt, PhD

 

Meghan W. Cody, PhD

United States

 

Michael Schulman, PhD

Author, "Bringing Up a Moral Child" (Doubleday Books)

 

Suzanne McAllister, PhD

United States

 

Úrsula Aragunde-Kohl, Psy.D.

Universidad del Turabo

Puerto Rico

 

Carolyn Cyr, M.S., LMHC

Unites States

 

Livia Boscardin, M. A., Sociology, PhD Student

University of Basel

Switzerland

 

Mary Zilney MSW, RSW

Women’s Crisis Services of Waterloo Region

Canada

 

 

 

 

 

Risa M. Mandell, LCSW

International Forum of Psychoanalytic Education

 

Kim Fletcher, MSW

Connecting the Dotts Counseling

United States

 

Elsa Flint MSc, BVSc, MANZCVS ,PhD

 

Gabriel Bustillo Barreda, DVM

Shelter Medicine & Spay and Neuter Clinic

 

Katherine van Ekert Onay, DVM

President - Sentient, The Veterinary Institute for Animal Ethics

Australia

 

Sarah Reagan, CVND, CEqN, HD(RHom)

Applied Equine Ecology Consulting Services

United States

 

Debra Harris, LCSW

United States

 

James Cowan, MD MPH

Jim Cowan Consulting LLC and Caxton Films LLC

 

Kathryn Gordon, JD, MSW

United States

 

Kim Bartlett, Publisher

President of Animal People, Inc.

United States

 

 

Susan Getty, MS

United States

 

William Fielding, MA

Bahamas

 

Alice McCarthy, MA, MS

United States

 

Judith Smith, JD

United States

 

 

 

 

 

Theresa Herrera Allen, PhD

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: The campaign #LoveSpainHateBullfights has been launched by the animal protection organizations CAS International (Holland), Platform La Tortura No Es Cultura (Spain) Humane Society International (UK), League Against Cruel Sports (UK) PETA (UK) and WSPA, trying to stop the proposition of law that aims to safeguard bullfighting in Spain. Find out more

#LoveSpainHateBullfights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPEN LETTER of Dr. Kenneth shapiro and other 140 scientists and academics from 18 countries to spanish congress

 

 

 

This letter raises professional concerns about the link between animal abuse and violence, and especially the desensitising impact viewing bullfights can have on children

 

 

 

 

 

Madrid, September 11th, 2013.

 

 

 

Distinguished Members of the Congreso de los Diputados,

 

 

 

It has come to our attention that the Congress is considering a citizens’ initiative (ILP) that would provide protection to bullfighting by awarding it the status of intangible cultural heritage. Furthermore, articles within the legislation specifically aim to promote bullfighting to children with proposals to open more matador schools across Spain.

 

 

 

We respectfully write to you with the hope that you take our comments into consideration when deliberating on this important decision. As research scientists, psychologists, sociologists, criminologists and human-service professionals, we are concerned about the contribution that animal abuse makes to the problems of violence toward humans.

 

 

 

A significant body of research demonstrates that animal abuse is closely associated with wife battering, child maltreatment, and other forms of interpersonal violence, all of which society has a substantial interest in preventing. Prudence and precaution would call for legislative action that takes this connection into account.

 

 

 

Animal abusers are more likely to be violent towards people and to engage in everyday common crimes. One extensive study (Arluke, et. al., Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1999) showed that animal abusers are five times more likely to commit violent crimes such as assault, rape, and murder; four times as likely to commit property crimes; and three times as likely to commit drug-related crimes. Research also shows a particularly strong connection between animal abuse and domestic violence. Those that perpetrate violence towards animals are more likely to abuse spouses or children.

 

 

 

Clearly, violence is violence, irrespective of the victim, and people who resort to violence in dealing with animals are also more likely to do so in their relationships with humans. Whether against an animal or human, these perpetrators use the force and power of violence to dominate and control others.

 

 

 

Perhaps less well known is that, in addition to the relationship between the perpetration of animal abuse and interpersonal violence, direct exposure to animal abuse can also lead to future violent behavior towards humans. Recent research shows and it is important to understand that simply witnessing animal abuse perpetuates the cycle of violence – through desensitization and modeling. Particularly younger people who repeatedly witness animal abuse could “learn” to use violence in their personal relationships. In addition, we now know that children who abuse animals are more likely to suffer from symptoms of post-traumatic syndrome disorder – e.g., preoccupation with the events witnessed, often in the form of recurring nightmares and daydreams.

 

 

 

 

 

Clearly, any strategy to reduce violence should look at improving human/animal relationships as a preventative measure. Not surprisingly, law enforcement and agencies in several countries have adopted policies based on this insight. For example, in several countries child protection services, women shelters and local police departments have begun to interface with veterinarians and others entities involved with animal care, and animal abuse reports are being used as indicators of homes where child abuse or wife beating may be taking place.

 

 

 

Given the robust body of evidence linking animal abuse to violence towards humans, many governments have moved to strengthen animal protection legislation and to work to achieve consistency within their legislation and public messaging. Thus, the vast majority of European member states no longer condone cruel practices towards animals as a cultural activity. Indeed, what messages are we sending to children by saying it is fine to gratuitously incite violence towards a defenceless animal for our own pleasure? We have an important responsibility and large part to play in influencing any child’s psychological construction, which includes the setting of values, respect and moral judgement. To condone such an activity under the guise of a cultural practice, when many countries in the world have chosen to ban cruel practices such as bullfighting, can only serve to confuse children.

 

 

 

Culture is transient and evolves over time. In most European countries what was accepted as a cultural practice just 100 years ago is very different from what is accepted today. This is echoed through growing public pressure to improve on human and animal welfare conditions globally. The European Union recognises animals as ‘sentient’ beings, and each year improvements are made to existing animal welfare protocols and legislation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turning directly to bullfighting, it is clear that it shares the major features of those forms of animal abuse found to be associated with violence to humans.

 

 

 

Force, power, dominance, and control are all components of the bullfight. Severity of the harm done to animals is also an important variable in the association. The slow and ritualized injury of bulls, culminating in their death, is comparable to instances of severe or egregious abuse.

 

 

 

Training children and juveniles to repeatedly injure and eventually kill an animal, as is done in matador schools, clearly provides them with the powerful and deleterious experiences of being perpetrator or witness. They either become habituated to violence as a part of living or they suffer the anxiety and depression of those exposed to traumatic events. In fact, such repeated forms of ‘actual’ violence, contravene with Article 19 of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) of the United Nations, which states that “Sates Parties shall take all legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence.”.

 

 

 

We are also particularly concerned with the impact on people who witness bullfighting. Juveniles who witness the repeated stabbing and the eventual death of bulls before an enthusiastic audience are impressionable and more apt to learn that it is acceptable to violently assert power and dominance over vulnerable living creatures, whether these are animals or vulnerable people.

 

 

 

Although not all people involved in animal abuse are violent towards humans, and many people who perpetrate or witness animal abuse do not become violent towards people, the connection between animal abuse and interpersonal violence cannot be ignored. Animal abuse is a serious societal concern with important significance for human welfare. It is increasingly clear that a world in which animal abuse goes unchecked is also a less safe world for human beings. Responsible legislators would be wise to consider the mounting evidence of an association between these two forms of violence and abuse.

 

 

 

In conclusion, in light of the established connection between violence towards animals and violence towards humans, we join as scientists, scholars, and human service professionals from around the world to respectfully urge you not to support any measures that promotes bullfights, especially those related to its promotion towards children and juveniles.

 

 

 

Respectfully,

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Kenneth Sharpio

 

 

 

 

 

Endorsed further by:

 

 

 

Abel A. Alves, PhD

 

Ball State University

 

United States

 

 

 

Alan Bowd, PhD

 

Lakehead University

 

Canada

 

 

 

Alejandro E. Camacho PhD

 

University of California, Irvine

 

Unites States

 

 

 

Alma Massaro, PhD Candidate

 

University of Genoa

 

Italy

 

 

 

Amy Tournoux, MSW Candidate

 

University of Michigan

 

United States

 

 

 

Andrzej Elzanowski, PhD

 

Polish Academy of Sciences

 

Poland

 

 

 

Annamaria Rivera, PhD

 

University of Bari

 

Italy

 

 

 

Anne Innis Dagg, PhD

 

University of Waterloo

 

Canada

 

 

 

Antonia J. Z. Henderson PhD

 

Langara College

 

Canada

 

 

 

Arnold Arluke, PhD

 

Northeastern University

 

United States

 

 

 

Barbara Beierl, PhD

 

Rivier University

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bernard E. Rollin, PhD

 

Colorado State University

 

United States

 

 

 

Bianca Falbo, PhD

 

Lafayette College

 

United States

 

 

 

Carol Thompson, PhD

 

Texas Christian University

 

United States

 

 

 

Carrie Rohman, PhD

 

Lafayette College

 

United States

 

 

 

Catherine Perry, PhD

 

University of Notre Dame

 

United States

 

 

 

Cathy Comstock, PhD

 

University of Colorado

 

United States

 

 

 

David A. H. Wilson, PhD

 

Honorary Research Fellow, University of Leicester

 

Editorial Advisory Board, Anthrozoös

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Denise Pakeman, MA candidate

 

Museum School of Leicester University

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Diane P. Michelfelder, PhD

 

Macalester College

 

United States

 

 

 

Donald M. Broom, PhD

 

University of Cambridge

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Anne McBride, PhD

 

University of Southampton

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Jacobs, PhD

 

James Cook University

 

Singapore

 

 

 

Hilda Kean, FRHistS, PhD

 

Ruskin College, Oxford

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Kay Peggs, PhD

 

University of Portsmouth

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Lynn Turner, PhD

 

Goldsmiths

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Sandra A. Corr BVMS, CertSAS, DipECVS, FHEA, PhD, MRCVS

 

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Simon P. James, PhD

 

Durham University

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Camilla Pagani, Ph.D.

 

Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies of the National Research Council

 

Italy

 

 

 

Christina Risley-Curtiss, MSSW, Ph.D.

 

University of Denver

 

United States

 

 

 

Gala Argent, PhD

 

Eastern Kentucky University

 

United States

 

 

 

H. Charles Romesburg, PhD

 

Utah State University

 

United States

 

 

 

Lauri L. Hyers, PhD

 

West Chester University

 

United States

 

 

 

Martha Few, PhD

 

University of Arizona

 

United States

 

 

 

R. Matilde Mésavage, PhD

 

Rollins College

 

United States

 

 

 

Elisabeth Wallmann, Ph.D. candidate

 

University of Warwick

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Elise Clerkin, PhD

 

Miami University

 

United States

 

 

 

Elizabeth Hirsh, PhD

 

University of South Florida

 

United States

 

 

 

Ellen Berscheid, PhD

 

University of Minnesota, Fellow: American Academy of Arts & Sciences

 

United States

 

 

 

Francine Dolins, PhD

 

Centre College

 

United States

 

 

 

Gillian Hewitson, PhD

 

University of Sydney

 

Australia

 

 

 

Hanneke J. Nijland, PhD candidate

 

Communication strategies group, Wageningen University

 

Netherlands

 

 

 

Hilda Tresz, PhD

 

Phoenix Zoo

 

Mentor, The Jane Goodall Institute

 

United States

 

 

 

Jeff Rushen, PhD

 

University of British Columbia

 

Canada

 

 

 

Jennifer Manera Eadie, PhD candidate

 

Australian National University

 

Australia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jerald Silverman, D.V.M., PhD

 

University of Massachusetts Medical School

 

United States

 

 

 

Jessica Greenebaum, PhD

 

Central Connecticut State University

 

United States

 

 

 

Jill Jepson PhD

 

St. Catherine University

 

United States

 

 

 

Jonathan Balcombe, PhD

 

Humane Society University

 

United States

 

 

 

Judge Steve Russell, JD

 

Indiana University

 

United States

 

 

 

Judy de Groot, PhD

 

United States

 

 

 

Julie Levy, DVM, PhD, DACVIM

 

University of Florida

 

United States

 

 

 

Karen Schaefer, PhD

 

New Mexico State University

 

United States

 

 

 

Kathie Jenni, PhD

 

University of Redlands

 

United States

 

 

 

Kathleen C. Gerbasi, PhD

 

Niagara County Community College

 

United States

 

 

 

Kathy Hessler, J.D., LL.M.

 

Lewis & Clark Law School

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leah Burns, PhD

 

Australian Animal Studies Group

 

Australia

 

 

 

Linda Kalof, PhD

 

Michigan State University

 

United States

 

 

 

Linda Riebel, PhD

 

Adjunct Faculty, Saybrook University

 

Board Member, SaveNature.Org 

 

Unites States

 

 

 

Lisel O'Dwyer, PhD

 

The University of Adelaide

 

Australia

 

 

 

Livia Apostol, PhD candidate

 

University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca

 

Romania

 

 

 

Magdalena Pieszka, PhD

 

Agricultural University

 

Poland

 

 

 

Mariko Yamamoto, PhD

 

University of California, Davis

 

Unites States

 

 

 

Mary Trachsel, PhD

 

Composition and Rhetoric, University of Iowa

 

United States

 

 

 

Michal Piotr Pregowski, PhD

 

Warsaw University of Technology

 

Poland

 

 

 

Mike Michael, PhD

 

The University of Sydney

 

Australia

 

 

 

Morgan Showler, PhD candidate

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nuria Querol, MD, MSc, BSc

 

Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

 

Spain

 

 

 

Paola Sobbrio, PhD

 

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

 

Italy

 

 

 

Annamaria Passantino, DVM, Ph.D.

 

Polo Universitario Annunziata

 

Italy

 

 

 

Christoph Winckler, Ph.D.

 

University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU)

 

Austria

 

 

 

Christine Nicol

 

University of Bristol

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Rainer E. Wiedenmann, PhD

 

Gutenberg-University of Mainz & University of Eichstaett

 

Germany

 

 

 

Robert W. Mitchell, PhD

 

Eastern Kentucky University

 

United States

 

 

 

Ruth Beatson, PhD

 

La Trobe University

 

Australia

 

 

 

Sara Kondrup

 

Copenhagen University

 

Denmark

 

 

 

Scott Hurley, PhD

 

Luther College

 

United States

 

 

 

Stephanie Madon, PhD

 

Iowa State University

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Susan E. Lederer, PhD

 

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

 

United States

 

 

 

Ted H. Friend, Ph.D., PAS, Dpl. ACAABS

 

Dept. of Animal Science

 

Texas A&M University

 

United States

 

 

 

Valentina Ferrante MDV PhD in Animal Science

 

Università degli Studi di Milano

 

Italy

 

 

 

Vanessa Rohlf, PhD

 

School of Psychology and Psychiatry

 

Australia

 

 

 

Victoria L Voith, DVM, PhD, DACVB

 

Western University of Health Sciences

 

United States

 

 

 

Wael Khamas, BVM&S, MS, PhD

 

Western University of Health Sciences

 

United States

 

 

 

Wendy Lochner, Publisher

 

Columbia University Press

 

United States

 

 

 

Xavier Manteca, BVSc, MSc, PhD

 

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

 

Spain

 

 

 

Yvette Watt, PhD

 

Tasmanian College of the Arts , University of Tasmania

 

Australia

 

 

 

Scott D. Churchill, PhD 

 

University of Dallas

 

United States

 

 

 

Melanie Rock, MSW, PhD (Anthropology), RSW

 

University of Calgary

 

Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexandra Horowitz, Ph.D.

 

Barnard College

 

United States

 

 

 

Charlett Hobart

 

Wildlife Research Institute;

 

Animals Asia

 

 

 

Donald Garlit, JD, MBA

 

Member, Animal Law Section of the State Bar of Michigan

 

United States

 

 

 

Margaretha Backers, RN

 

 

 

Melissa Li, MD

 

Providence St Vincent Medical Center

 

United States

 

 

 

Carolyn Merino Mullin

 

National Museum of Animals & Society

 

United States

 

 

 

Claire Sterling

 

ASPCA

 

United States

 

 

 

Donald Cleary

 

Animal Farm Foundation

 

United States

 

 

 

John Thompson 

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc.

 

United States

 

 

 

Kate Turner-Mann

 

World Society for the Protection of Animals (WSPA)

 

 

 

Marie Saint-Arnoult

 

Shining Hope Foundation

 

United Kingdom

 

 

 

Massimo Terrile

 

Movimento Antispecista

 

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mia MacDonald

 

Brighter Green

 

United States

 

 

 

Petra Pepellashi

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Valerie Grange

 

Yogi's Ark Animal Sanctuary

 

United States

 

 

 

Bee Friedlander, JD

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Lisa Lunghofer, PhD

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Jill Howard Church

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Ann Casper, MA

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Joel Kanoff

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Jerry Simonelli, JD

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Patti Breitman

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

Eric Greene

 

Animals and Society Institute, Inc. 

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Murry J. Cohen, MD

 

United States

 

 

 

Amanda Cox, MAPS

 

Australian Psychological Society

 

Australia

 

 

 

Maggie Rose, PhD

 

Australia

 

 

 

Marion Rollings, PhD

 

United States

 

 

 

Elayne Chou, PhD

 

United States

 

 

 

Ilene Serlin, PhD

 

Past President, San Francisco Psychological Association

 

United States

 

 

 

Lacey Levitt, PhD

 

 

 

Meghan W. Cody, PhD

 

United States

 

 

 

Michael Schulman, PhD

 

Author, "Bringing Up a Moral Child" (Doubleday Books)

 

 

 

Suzanne McAllister, PhD

 

United States

 

 

 

Úrsula Aragunde-Kohl, Psy.D.

 

Universidad del Turabo

 

Puerto Rico

 

 

 

Carolyn Cyr, M.S., LMHC

 

Unites States

 

 

 

Livia Boscardin, M. A., Sociology, PhD Student

 

University of Basel

 

Switzerland

 

 

 

Mary Zilney MSW, RSW

 

Women’s Crisis Services of Waterloo Region

 

Canada

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risa M. Mandell, LCSW

 

International Forum of Psychoanalytic Education

 

 

 

Kim Fletcher, MSW

 

Connecting the Dotts Counseling

 

United States

 

 

 

Elsa Flint MSc, BVSc, MANZCVS ,PhD

 

 

 

Gabriel Bustillo Barreda, DVM

 

Shelter Medicine & Spay and Neuter Clinic

 

 

 

Katherine van Ekert Onay, DVM

 

President - Sentient, The Veterinary Institute for Animal Ethics

 

Australia

 

 

 

Sarah Reagan, CVND, CEqN, HD(RHom)

 

Applied Equine Ecology Consulting Services

 

United States

 

 

 

Debra Harris, LCSW

 

United States

 

 

 

James Cowan, MD MPH

 

Jim Cowan Consulting LLC and Caxton Films LLC

 

 

 

Kathryn Gordon, JD, MSW

 

United States

 

 

 

Kim Bartlett, Publisher

 

President of Animal People, Inc.

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

Susan Getty, MS

 

United States

 

 

 

William Fielding, MA

 

Bahamas

 

 

 

Alice McCarthy, MA, MS

 

United States

 

 

 

Judith Smith, JD

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theresa Herrera Allen, PhD

 

United States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: The campaign #LoveSpainHateBullfights has been launched by the animal protection organizations CAS International (Holland), Platform La Tortura No Es Cultura (Spain) Humane Society International (UK), League Against Cruel Sports (UK) PETA (UK) and WSPA, trying to stop the proposition of law that aims to safeguard bullfighting in Spain. Find out more here: https://www.facebook.com/notes/la-tortura-no-es-cultura-torture-is-not-culture/nota-de-prensa-representantes-de-m%C3%A1s-de-100-ongs-internacionales-piden-al-gobier/651439448213507

 

 

: https://www.facebook.com/notes/la-tortura-no-es-cultura-torture-is-not-culture/nota-de-prensa-representantes-de-m%C3%A1s-de-100-ongs-internacionales-piden-al-gobier/651439448213507

 

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